Human Factors For Highway Engineers

Humans are always on the go and they are a big factor for highway engineers. More than one million individuals are killed every year on the road and about thirty times are injured and one out ten injured individuals will be permanently disabled. With this data, there is a great importance to deal about the human factors for highway engineers.

In the planning stage of construction, the people behind it must discuss about the appropriate design of a highway, road or transport system that can provide a high standard of mobility at the same time high standard of safety.

For a long time, the road user’s perspective of highway engineers is for them to employ their personal experiences, intuitions, shared knowledge and other approach to create and develop a highway design that does not only shows a state-of-the-art method and deign but must consider the safety of people.

Today, human behavior is one of the factors that can provide principles and fundamental knowledge so that the authorities can match transport and roadway system design to human limitation, variability and strengths. These factors can help improve performance, understanding of accidents and how the human factor can contribute and undertake informed safety reviews and audits.

Also, one of the best strategies is the creation of the Highway Safety Manual to provide information for highway engineers. The manual must include a synthesis of highway researches that have been validated as well as the proven procedures that integrates safety in new and improved projects. It must provide authorities with analytic tools that were enhanced to predict and measure success of the safety countermeasure implementation.

After the creation of the Highway Safety Manual to develop alternative possible designs to improve safety in section or intersection roadway, the next strategy is to use the Human Factor Guidelines. The guidelines will enhance possible solutions to road safety.

Finally, in the promotion of safety on roads and highways, the people behind the project must not only base their plans on predictions of crashes but includes the capabilities and limitations of roadway users.

© Pittsburgh Highway Engineers, 2002-2017.
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